The rear shock absorbers on a 1999 Ford Escort are full struts. Replacing these struts can be a simple yet hard procedure, and you may need an assistant's help guiding and supporting the heavy assembly. In almost all cases, you'll need to replace both rear shocks on the car. On a estate car model, access to the shock's upper mounting nuts are different than the sedan; otherwise, replacing them is the same as on an Escort sedan.
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Things you need
- Floor jack
- Jack stands
- Tire iron
Unscrew and remove the speaker grille on the side of the car using a screwdriver, then remove the back seat cushion. Unscrew the nut securing the seat's outer extension using a wrench and lift the extension out of its retainer slots.
Raise the car's rear end using a floor jack and support it on jack stands. Block the front wheels and remove the rear wheel for the shock you will be removing.
Raise the floor jack under the wheel spindle to support it. Remove the clip that attaches the brake hose to the shock assembly and move the hose so it is not in the way.
Remove the two nuts and bolts connecting the shock assembly to the spindle using your wrench.
Remove the two mounting nuts for the shock assembly--one is within the speaker grille opening and the other is in the seat extension opening. Lower the strut carefully and remove it from the car.
Guide the replacement shock assembly up into place, making sure its mounting block studs protrude through the holes in the speaker grille and seat extension openings. Apply the nuts--if you have a torque wrench, tighten them to between 34 and 46ft-lbs.
Move the spindle within the strut flange and install the bolts, tightening them to between 76 and 100ft-lbs.
Reconnect the wheel, then lower the car after changing the one or both shocks, as needed. Tighten the wheel lug nuts after lowering the car.
Reinstall the rear seat and the speaker grille using the seat extension's retainer/slot and nut and the speaker grille screws.
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