Homemade remedies for bed bugs

Updated July 19, 2017

Cimex Lectularius, also known as bed bugs, are small nocturnal insects that feed on blood. These bugs live inside mattresses, linens, clothing and drapery. Bed bugs can be brought into the home on used furniture, clothing or guests. Apartment living, working in other peoples' homes or travelling to infested areas can also bring bed bugs to your home. Victims of bed bug bites may be unaware of a bite at the time, but hours later discover infection, welts or allergic reactions. Bed bugs can be killed and eliminated from your dwelling with simple homemade remedies.

Vacuum all areas containing bed bugs to remove as many as possible.

Spray rubbing alcohol on all infected areas. Rubbing alcohol kills bed bugs on contact.

Using a commercial steam cleaner on the highest heat setting, clean all areas infested with bed bugs.

Dry any infested items such as clothing or rugs, in the dryer on the highest temperature for at least 20 minutes. Extreme heat of at least 48.9 degrees C kills bed bugs quickly. This should be repeated for all items that can be placed in the dryer.

Wrap mattresses with mattress covers made of vinyl or fabric that zip all of the way around. This prevents bugs from entering or exiting the mattress. Pillows can be washed at a high temperature or can be covered with a similar vinyl or fabric cover that zips all the way around.

Clean the house to remove dead bed bugs. Be sure to vacuum the entire house and seal any holes, pipes or cracks in the walls. Scrub all surfaces and clean inside any furniture that may be infested.


Hire an exterminator if a steam cleaner is not available.

Things You'll Need

  • Vacuum
  • Mattress covers
  • Cleaning solution
  • Steam cleaner
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • High temperature dryer
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