How to use screws in a cedar deck

Written by david thompson
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How to use screws in a cedar deck
Use a Phillips or square tip on a drill to drive screws. (screwdriver #4 image by Adam Borkowski from Fotolia.com)

Screws take a little longer to install compared with nails, but if you're building a deck, they hold tighter and don't tend to work loose as people walk across the floorboards. Cedar's soft wood means you can start most screws without pre-drilling, according to Scott Schuttner, author of "Building a Deck." Purchase collated screws, all aligned vertically in a strip, to speed up work even more. If screws don't drive easily without a pilot hole, use self-tapping screws.

Skill level:
Easy

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Things you need

  • Electric drill
  • Pilot hole bit
  • Phillips or square tip
  • Countersink bit

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Instructions

  1. 1

    Purchase stainless-steel screws long enough to extend at least 1 inch through floorboards into floor joists or 1½ inches into the underlying wood for structural applications, according to the Western Red Cedar Lumber Association. Galvanized screws that are double hot-dipped are also acceptable and less expensive, according to the WRCLA, but not as long-lasting as stainless steel. Another option is coated screws that you can purchase coloured to match cedar or in a contrasting colour. Cedar contains tannins that may react with steel and cause black stains, if screws corrode, so choose the most corrosion-resistant screws you can afford.

  2. 2

    Insert a Phillips or square tip in an electric drill or screw gun, depending which head your screws have. Drive a test screw in a scrap floorboard to see if the head will sink level with the surface, without a pre-drilled countersinking hole. Screws with bugle heads will probably sink themselves without pre-drilling in cedar, but other shapes may require you to drill a shallow cone-shaped hole with a countersink bit in areas where you want them fully sunk.

  3. 3

    Drill pilot holes for screws that go near the ends of boards. Choose a drill bit slightly smaller than the diameter of the screw's main shaft, not including the threads. Even if the screws drive easily without a pilot hole, they may split out the ends of boards without one.

  4. 4

    Assemble the deck with screws, first drilling pilot holes or countersinking holes as needed. After the deck has been exposed to dry weather for a few weeks, check to see if any screws appear above the surface due to wood shrinkage and tighten them with a hand screwdriver or power screwdriver.

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