You're supposed to know all of the parts of the brain, but memorising the parts of the brain can be complicated. Fortunately, memorising the parts of the brain can be accomplished by studying the four different lobes of the brain. By separating out the different parts of the brain into lobe categories, you can memorise each category by a different memory technique. Using memory techniques, you can memorise the different parts of the brain with ease so that you can recall the information instantly.
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Use the "FP over To" acronym to memorise the order of the lobes. "F" stands for "frontal lobe." The frontal lobe is the biggest lobe, and in the very front of the human brain. "P" stands for "parietal lobe" and appears directly behind the frontal lobe. The parietal lobe is "over" the temporal lobe, which is designated with a big "T." Finally, "o" stands for occipital lobe. The occipital lobe is the smallest, and appears at the very back of the brain, which is why it's designated with a small letter "o."
Study detailed, colour-coded pictures of the brain to see where each sub-part of the brain lies. Draw or trace the picture of the brain and label the corresponding parts. Say the part of the brain out loud as you label it. Use a pronunciation key to pronounce the words. Saying and writing the words will help the words to become more familiar to you, as most of the words are not commonly used in everyday speech.
List each section of the brain individually, separating the entire brain and it's parts into four categories (Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Occipital). Start with the frontal lobe and list the location of the divisions of the lobe. Memorisation of the brain is much easier if you know the associated terminology for the direction of the brain parts. For instance, the frontal lobe has the lateral (which means sides), medial (which means the centre axis), orbital (which means where we find the eyes), and polar (which means the frontal part). Each division contains a subsection of brain parts with associated functions. List all the parts that are contained in each subdivision for all four categories.
Learn the parts of each lobe separately. Start with the parts of the brain that are contained within the lateral portion of the frontal lobe. List the parts of the lateral portion of the frontal lobe and each function that they have. For instance, you could list the primary motor cortex, which is at the posterior of the frontal cortex running parallel to the separation line of the parietal lobe. The primary motor cortex is responsible for planning movements of the body. Continue to list all of the parts contained in the lateral portion of the frontal lobe, and their functions. List the parts and functions of the rest of the frontal lobe by location. Continue listing all parts for all four main lobes of the brain using this method.
Make a blank map of the brain with spots to label each different part that you would like to know and print several copies. Label each part of the brain, stating each brain part's function as you go, without looking at any reference materials. Review your answers when finished. Correct your mistakes by referring to brain reference materials. Repeat this step several times until you've mastered each part of the brain.
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