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How to adjust self-closing hinges

Updated February 21, 2017

Self-closing hinges are a specially designed door hinge that utilises an internal spring which is put under tension when the door is swung open. It closes the door automatically by releasing that tension. The size and weight of the door, as well as the range of motion, requires setting the spring tensioner correctly to insure the door closes smoothly and completely.

Establish the hinge spring adjustment required by moving the door to its fully opened position, then allow the door to closed by the action of the self-closing hinge. A correctly adjusted self-closing hinge should close the door in a smooth and steady motion, as well as fully engage the door latch in the strike plate.

Go to Section 2 if the door closes too slowly or does not close all the way and needs the spring tension increased.

Go to Section 3 if the door closes too hard or fast and needs the spring tension decreased.

Close the door.

Insert the tip of an awl or nailset into an open hole next to the locking pin in the spring hinge's adjustment ring, typically located at the top or bottom of the hinge's cylindrical spring housing.

Rotate the adjustment ring toward the jamb until the small locking pin can be removed, then relocate the pin into the adjustment ring hole next to it toward the door, then release the adjustment ring pressure to allow the locking pin to press against the metal stop.

Open the door and allow it to close to check the closing action of the readjusted hinge spring.

Repeat Steps 2 and 3 as necessary until the closes as desired.

Close the door.

Insert the tip of the awl or nailset into an open hole at least one hole away from the locking pin in the spring hinge's adjustment ring.

Rotate the adjustment ring toward the jamb until the small locking pin can be removed, then relocate the pin into the hole next to it toward the jamb. Release the adjustment ring pressure to allow the locking pin to press against the metal stop.

Open the door and allow it to close to check the closing action of the readjusted hinge spring.

Repeat Steps 2 and 3 as necessary until the closes as desired.

Tip

For door with two or more self-closing hinges installed, all of the hinges need to be adjusted equally to insure proper door operation.

Things You'll Need

  • Awl or nailset
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About the Author

Paul Massey has been writing since 2009, drawing on a 35-year career in the construction industry. His experience includes 15 years as a general building contractor specializing in architectural design, custom homes, commercial development and historic renovations.