Rats are a common household pest in many areas of the world. Wild rats roam from place to place, carrying parasites and diseases that can be spread to your pets and family. Eliminating rats is important to the safety of your household, but many commercial rat poisons can harm your pets. There are a number of safe alternatives to normal rat poisons that will eradicate your pest problem and are safe for your pets.
Clean up areas around your property in which rats will nest. Old wood piles, empty barns and food storage areas all attract rats and encourage them to return and breed on your property. Removing old wood and placing animal feed in metal dustbins with lids will force rats to look for food elsewhere.
Set live rat traps around your property. Live rat traps are made to lure and contain rats inside without harming them so you can relocate them away from your property. Live traps are designed with small openings to prevent domestic pets from getting caught inside them, making them safe for use around both cats and dogs.
Tear dryer sheets in strips and place then around the perimeter of your home. Rats cannot tolerate the smell of dryer sheets and will not come near the source of the scent. Make sure to place a few strips in your basement and attic to chase out any rats that may be hiding in these areas.
Place a natural rat killer such as Eradibait around your property, concentrating placement in areas rats are known to frequent. Natural rat killers work with the rat's digestive system to cause death. After rats ingest the bait, it interacts with their system, resulting in dehydration and death due to thickening of the blood. The rat's digestive system is unlike those of either cats or dogs, so even if your pets ingest this natural killer, they will not be harmed.
Dispose of any dead rats by picking them up while wearing a pair of heavy work gloves and placing them in plastic garbage bags. Tie the bags closed to prevent any parasites from crawling off the dead rats before disposing of the bags in your dustbin.
Make sure to check your live traps daily to prevent suffering of any trapped rats.
Don't use any poisons with warfarin in them. Warfarin is an anticoagulant that is extremely toxic to rats as well as your pets.