Insulating a concrete slab reduces heat loss and helps to moderate the temperature of a home. Solve moisture problems before insulating a concrete floor to avoid mould growth in or under the insulation. Install the insulation on a concrete floor before beginning work to finish a basement. The insulation will increase the comfort of the basement and save on overall heating costs.
Clean the concrete floor with a vacuum to remove all loose soil and debris. Remove stains and possible mould with hot soapy water and a scrub brush. Allow the floor to dry completely.
Cut the tip of the foam board adhesive at an angle with a utility knife. With the wire attachment on a caulk gun or a long nail, puncture the seal inside the tube of foam board adhesive. Insert the tube into a caulk gun.
Apply a bead of foam board adhesive to the back of the foam board (the side without a foil or plastic coating) around the perimeter of the insulation approximately 7.5 cm (3 inches) from the edge. Apply another bead of foam board adhesive in a zigzag pattern across the centre of the foam board insulation. Lay interior rigid foam insulation directly on the concrete floor with the foil side facing up. Do not walk on the foam insulation to avoid punctures or compressing the foam.
Tape the seams with vinyl tape. Place a small sheet of plywood on a blanket or pad when taping the seams to distribute your weight on the insulation.
Cut the rigid foam insulation with a plasterboard saw as needed to fit small pieces on the sides and around stationary fixtures, such as plumbing and heating units. Seal around the objects by taping half on the foam insulation and half on the object with vinyl tape.
Install pressure-treated strips across the foam board. Space them approximately every two feet, one on each end and two evenly spaced in the middle, on the foam board insulation. Secure with concrete nails or concrete screws. Concrete nails require the use of a concrete nailer. However, concrete screws require a drill and masonry bit to pre-drill the hole and then a screwdriver bit to secure the concrete screw into the pre-drilled hole. Select the masonry bit by the size of the concrete screws. The proper bit size will be printed on the screw package label.
Place sheets of 1.8 cm (3/4 inch) subfloor on top of the pressure treated strips. Secure to the strips with 3.1 cm (1 1/4 inch) stainless steel or exterior grade screws. Cut as needed to fit around objects such as heaters and plumbing.
Finish the floor with decorative flooring. Carpet is not recommended for basement areas due to the risk of moisture and potential for mould growth.