Mange is a skin condition caused by mites feasting on an animal's skin. These parasites make horses very uncomfortable, causing incessant itching, stamping and tail rubbing. Rapid treatment can help prevent the spread of mange on the horse and keep the mites from travelling to other horses in the herd. While a veterinarian may need to be brought in to assist with severe cases of mange, there are many natural measures you can take to bring the infected horse relief from this irritating skin condition.
Isolate the affected horse immediately to prevent spreading the mites to other members of the herd.
Disinfect all grooming supplies and tack with an iodine or hydrogen peroxide/borax solution. Do not allow any of the infected horse's tack or grooming supplies to be used on any other animal.
Clean all bedding from the infected horse's stall. Disinfect the area with an iodine or hydrogen peroxide/borax solution.
Scrub the horse with 59.1ml. of iodine shaken in a bottle of baby wash, allow to soak on the horse and rinse. Another option is to apply neem in a ratio of 1/2 tsp to 1 cup of warm water. You could also soak the horse in a 2-percent hydrogen peroxide/borax solution. Alternatively, consider using a cedar extract, a lime-sulphur spray or specific mange products from your veterinary supply store or from your veterinarian. Repeat every 10 days for three or four cycles to deal with hatching eggs.
Dust the horse's affected areas with food-grade diatomaceous earth to prevent reinfestation.
Consult a veterinarian if the mange is not responding. Your veterinarian may wish to give the horse a drug, likely Ivermectrin or a similar substance, to deal with the mange internally.
North Dakota State University emphasises the importance of regular grooming for early detection and more effective treatment of mange in horses.
Consult a veterinarian to be sure your treatments are safe. If the horse develops skin lesions that could increase the risk of infection, contact a veterinarian.