A properly applied coat of paint can liven up ordinary plain-looking pine furniture. However, before you begin the application process, there are some things you need to consider. Before paint will stick to raw wood, a coat of primer is required to promote adhesion. Because pine tends to hold in moisture, you will need to use a water-based latex primer and paint or else the finish may begin to chip and peel over time.
Open windows to provide ventilation or work in an open garage.
Set the pine wood furniture on top of a fabric dust sheet.
Sand off the shiny coat of varnish using a palm sander loaded with 120-grit sandpaper. Sand along with the wood grain and never against it. Skip this step if the pine wood furniture is raw and unfinished.
Abrade the pine furniture by lightly sanding it with 400-grit sandpaper. Do not oversand. Stop when the wood feels slightly rough to the touch.
Wipe away sawdust from the pine furniture with a tack cloth.
Apply water-based latex primer to the pine wood furniture using a latex paintbrush. Apply only a light coat.
Allow the primer to dry for two hours.
Wash the brush with water.
Apply two coats of latex paint to the pine wood furniture in the same manner as you did the primer. Allow two hours of drying time between coats.
Never attempt to paint over pine wood furniture unless you have applied a latex bonding primer first; otherwise, the finish will peel. Do not use cloth rags in place of a tack cloth or else you may leave behind dust that could interfere with paint adhesion. Oil-based paint may chip and peel from pine furniture. Do not use oil-based paint to coat pine furniture unless you have allowed the pine to dry out for several weeks first.