How to Make a Model Cave for Kids

Written by jane smith
  • Share
  • Tweet
  • Share
  • Pin
  • Email
How to Make a Model Cave for Kids
You can make a model of this cave. (ice cave 2 image by Juraj from Fotolia.com)

Socrates used a cave to illustrate his point that we don't really know what is real and true and what is not. Archaeologists participating in the Western Belize Regional Cave Project's ongoing exploration and documentation of Mayan ceremonial cave use speculate about the meaning and purpose of drawings, bones and artefacts found within underground chambers. Geologists form theories about the forces that form and transform the caves themselves. Creating a model cave provides opportunity to test theories of cave formation and recreate the conditions that existed when cave artefacts were in use.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

Other People Are Reading

Things you need

  • 1 round balloon, 12-inch diameter
  • Plaster of Paris
  • Water
  • Plastic dishpan
  • Burlap cloth
  • 1 sharpened awl
  • Scissors
  • 18-inch square of 1/4-inch plywood or Masonite
  • Spanish moss, sisal fibre, twigs, coffee grounds, sand and sawdust

Show MoreHide

Instructions

  1. 1

    Fill a round balloon with air until it has a 12-inch diameter.

  2. 2

    Mix plaster of Paris with water in a shallow plastic dishpan, according to package directions.

  3. 3

    Dip coarse-weave burlap into the plaster mix. Mold the plaster-soaked burlap over the balloon in wrinkles and folds. Allow to dry for 10 minutes.

    How to Make a Model Cave for Kids
    Mold the balloon with soaked burlap. (sunny burlap background image by joanna wnuk from Fotolia.com)
  4. 4

    Once plaster has begun to set but has not completely hardened, poke a sharpened awl through the burlap in multiple places to break the balloon and to create small holes all over the outer surface of your cave model.

  5. 5

    Carefully enlarge some of the holes on top of the cave model to 1/8-inch diameter or larger, but less than 1/2-inch diameter.

  6. 6

    Mix a second batch of plaster of Paris. Pour the plaster mix over your cave model so that it runs through the holes on top and into the cave. Allow to dry overnight.

  7. 7

    Use scissors or a utility knife to cut a viewing hole in the side of your cave model. The flowing plaster should have become simulated stalactites and stalagmites.

    How to Make a Model Cave for Kids
    Stalagmites and stalactites result from mineral flows. (cave,stalactite,stalagmite,rocks,rock formations, image by Earl Robbins from Fotolia.com)
  8. 8

    Place your cave model on an 18-inch square of unfinished 1/4-inch thick plywood or Masonite. Use Spanish moss, sisal fibre, twigs, coffee grounds, sand and sawdust to create a textured landscape for the approach to your model cave's entrance.

Don't Miss

Filter:
  • All types
  • Articles
  • Slideshows
  • Videos
Sort:
  • Most relevant
  • Most popular
  • Most recent

No articles available

No slideshows available

No videos available

By using the eHow.co.uk site, you consent to the use of cookies. For more information, please see our Cookie policy.