Damascus is a strong steel with a unique grain pattern that is created during the forging process. Damascus steel is commonly used in swords, knives and jewellery. Damascus is an easy metal to care for. Routine maintenance--including polishing--will ensure the long life of your Damascus steel item. Before polishing the steel, thoroughly clean the item to remove any dust or debris.
Combine warm water and a few drops of mild dishwashing liquid in a container.
Equip yourself with a pair of leather gloves if cleaning a sword or knife. The leather gloves will prevent you from accidentally cutting your hands during the cleaning process.
Saturate the corner of a sponge with the water and dishwashing liquid mixture.
Scrub the steel with the sponge from top to bottom on both sides.
Wet a clean sponge with warm water. Rinse the steel with the sponge to wipe away the water/dishwashing liquid.
Dry the steel with a soft towel. Do not let the steel air dry. Doing so may lead to rust.
Wipe the Damascus steel from top to bottom with a polishing cloth. For blades, polish once every few months.
Use a small amount of whitening toothpaste and a scouring pad to polish Damascus steel rings.
Polish the blade with soft cloth after you sharpen Damascus steel swords and knife.