Minutes are a written record of a meeting. They generally include who was present, what was discussed and a final assessment. Citing minutes can be tricky, as the citation depends on whether you were present at the meeting yourself, whether you accessed the minutes on a website, or whether you have a printed copy of the minutes. In the first case, cite the minutes as a personal communication, which, in American Psychological Association (APA) style, does not appear on your references page. In the second case, cite the minutes as an electronic document. In the last case, cite them as a printed copy of minutes, which differs between APA and Modern Language Association (MLA) styles.
- Skill level:
Other People Are Reading
Things you need
- Printed copy of minutes
- Computer or pencil and paper
Locate the name of the organisation whose meeting took place. Write this name first, and then put a period.
Locate the date of the minutes. Write the date in parentheses, following this format: (2010, February 4). If the meeting was an annual meeting, you need only include the year.
Locate the name of the meeting. Write this name in italics, with only the first letter of the title and the first letter of the subtitle capitalised. The exception is proper nouns (the names of people and organisations). For example, if you're citing a meeting of the American Psychological Association, you would follow this format:
Meeting of the American Psychological Association: Review of ethics in psychology.
A period goes at the end. A full APA citation for minutes, then, would look like this:
American Psychological Association. (2010, February 4). Meeting of the American Psychological Association: Review of ethics in psychology.
Locate the name of the organisation whose meeting took place. Write this name, and then put a period.
Locate the name of the meeting. Write this name in italics, and then put a period.
Locate the date of the minutes, and then write the date following this format:
4 February 2010.
Note that a period goes at the end.
A full MLA citation, then, will look like this:
Modern Language Association. Meeting of Modern Language Association: Yearly Review of Academic Jobs in Languages and Literature. 4 February 2010.
Tips and warnings
- Citation styles other than APA and MLA, such as Turabian, will follow another pattern for citing minutes. Make sure you know which style is expected of you. APA is generally used in the social sciences, MLA is generally used in the humanities and Turabian is generally used in history.
- Note that the capitalisation, punctuation and dating in an APA citation differs from an MLA citation.
- 20 of the funniest online reviews ever
- 14 Biggest lies people tell in online dating sites
- Hilarious things Google thinks you're trying to search for