How to lay green synthetic turf

Updated February 21, 2017

Green synthetic turf allows homeowners to have a seemingly lush lawn in areas where grass will not usually grow, such as areas of high shade or high traffic. Synthetic turf is also lower maintenance than regular grass because it does not need regular watering or fertilising. The installation of synthetic turf requires a high level of site preparation.

Remove the topsoil from the area where you want to install the synthetic turf. Topsoil is the layer of looser soil that sits on the harder substrate of your lawn. If you are unsure how deep your topsoil goes, dig up the top 15 cm (6 inches). Use a shovel for the digging and get a helper to assist you.

Mix together a drainage base for the artificial turf consisting of one part pea stone and one part sand. Fill in the 15 cm (6 inches) area you removed with the drainage base.

Run a compactor over the drainage filler. The compactor will tamp down the drainage filler and create an even area for laying the turf. Read all the manufacturer's instructions before operating the compactor.

Roll the synthetic turf out over the tamped drainage filler. Place the rolls tightly next to each other so you cannot see the seams. Use a push broom to smooth the turf.

Secure the synthetic turf with steel turf pins. Insert the pins through the turf edges into the drainage filler. Insert one pin every 30 to 60 cm (1 to 2 feet) until they are flush with the ground.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Sand
  • Pea stone
  • Compactor
  • Push broom
  • Steel turf pins
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About the Author

Based in Richmond, Va., Dawn Gibbs writes about topics such as history, fashion, literature, crafts, alternative medicine and healthy living. Her work has appeared on and several style websites. Gibbs holds a Bachelor of Arts in history from Virginia Commonwealth University.