Pellet guns are designed to fire a lead projectile typically in the .177 or .22-calibre range. Pellet guns propel lead pellets by means of spring or compressed air propulsion. Since many shooters use pellet guns for target shooting, varmint control, competition or hunting, accuracy is a concern. There are steps which may be taken to help with the consistent accuracy of a pellet gun.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- Pellet gun
- Cleaning rod with tip
- Cleaning patch
- Tetra lube
- Gun oil
- O ring seals
- Screw driver
- Compression spring
Clean the barrel of the gun to ensure there is no accumulated debris or corrosion. Attach a cleaning patch to the tip of a cleaning rod. Spray the patch with gun oil and run it in and out of the barrel. Change the patch if needed.
Access the spring of the air gun. Use a screw driver if necessary and refer to the manufacturer's directions on accessing the spring. Make sure that no small parts are misplaced or lost during the process. Inspect the spring for damage and replace it if necessary. Apply a small amount of gun oil to the spring for lubrication.
Inspect the sights to make sure that any retaining or adjustment screws have not become loose. Loose sights may greatly affect the accuracy of an air gun. If adjustment screws have become loose, it may be necessary to completely resight and zero-in the gun from scratch.
Consider the pellets which are being used. Make sure that quality pellets are used. Pellets should have no manufacturing burrs or seams and be consistently uniform. Keep in mind that all pellets are not made equal and some are actually very superior, especially those designed for hunting.
Make sure the pellet gun is adequately secured during shooting. Use a shooting bench, tripod or shooting stick, or practice good shooting position posture. The main shooting positions are standing, prone, sitting, and kneeling. Practice shooting from these positions so that a comfort level is achieved before hunting or competition.
Tips and warnings
- Take the time to determine the causes of any inaccuracy with shooting. Make an adjustment, change, or correction and return to the target to determine if the accuracy has been affected.
- Always wear safety glasses when shooting pellet guns.
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