How to Construct & Insulate a Wood House

Written by charles dodd white
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A wooden house can be attractive to the eye, but drafts can be a real problem when cold weather comes. Proper insulation ensures that a wooden house remains comfortable in all seasons, making it worth the extra time and expense. Insulation, however, is not simply something thrown in at the last minute. You will want to build the house so that insulation is a key part of the planning process. Once you have completed the project, you will save on heating bills and enjoy coziness through the winter.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Insulation material
  • Hammer
  • Nails
  • Gloves
  • Adhesive

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    Installing Insulation

  1. 1

    Place soft insulation with the fibrous side facing toward the interior of the house; some types of insulation will have fibre on both sides. The insulation should be placed directly in the walls and in attic spaces. Make sure the insulation is pressed flat against the surface it is attached to; any pockets that are not smoothed out will allow drafts to enter.

  2. 2

    Seal the insulation by using a high-quality adhesive to keep the insulation firmly in place. This adhesive should be quick-drying so that small wrinkles cannot occur in the seal. Such wrinkles can be overlooked during the installation process.

  3. 3

    Attach board insulation as a second layer between the inner and outer wall. This type of insulation is typically manufactured in large boards that have foam insulation on one side and foil on the other. Hang the foil side toward the interior of the house. Board insulation is generally only used in wall insulation, not in attics. If used in an attic, however, the board should be tacked in place in the same way as with walls.

  4. 4

    Nail the board insulation flush to the wall studs so that it presses up tightly against the soft foam insulation. Make sure to use nails with a large head so that they properly anchor the board. Because the board is soft, be careful not to puncture or otherwise damage it during this step.

  5. 5

    Hang the interior drywall or install whatever interior wall you desire. This wall will not only be the cosmetic face for the home, but it will also seal in the insulation that you have installed. This will be your last chance to check the integrity of the insulation, so make sure everything is secure before executing this finishing step.

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