How to Draw Medieval Castles

Written by suzie faloon
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Medieval times are filled with castles, battle lore, dragons and fantasy. Interest in medieval life is popular with re-enactments, tournaments and artistic endeavours. These castles were built with a stronghold at the centre. A wall was built around the stronghold and one to two more walls built around that. A moat was often dug and filled with water for further protection for those who lived inside the castle. You can draw medieval castles when referring to photos and drawings of castles. You can make up your own fantasy castle drawing using fine art pencils with hard and soft leads.

Skill level:
Moderately Challenging

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Things you need

  • Drawing paper
  • Art pencils
  • Gum eraser

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  1. 1

    Set your drawing paper on to an elevated drawing desk, easel or board. Lightly sketch an outline of the medieval castle with a hard lead pencil. Use a gum or kneaded art eraser to gently wipe away any mistakes without leaving smudges. A light sketch of a moat can be added in to the foreground.

  2. 2

    Look at the outline of the castle. Check to see that the lines are straight. Use a ruler as a guide and use a soft lead pencil to draw along the ruler to get the proper perspective. The front exterior wall must be larger and closer to the viewer than the back wall of the castle surround.

  3. 3

    Sketch in the arched entrance and turrets including the wooden supports at the top of the cylindrical formations. Sketch the drawbridge door that will likely be in the centre front of the outer wall.

  4. 4

    Sketch in the outlines of the blocks of rock or granite that the complex is made from. When viewing photos or renderings of medieval castles, note the uniform size of the earthen hand made blocks and the pattern in which they are stacked in rows on top of one another.

  5. 5

    Use the side of a soft lead pencil to shade in the shadows at the bottom of each block, the sides of the towers and turrets. Shade in the area under the bottom of the turret creating shape and depth.

  6. 6

    Draw flag poles, flags and other touches that give the drawing a more realistic appearance. Use the eraser to dab out pencil marks to give highlights to the areas where the sun hits the stonework.

Tips and warnings

  • Study pictures of castles, walls and turrets when drawing a medieval castle.

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