A hormone imbalance can cause the menstrual cycle to become irregular or stop completely. This can lead to a build-up of uterine lining and cause difficulty in determining when ovulation occurs, which in turn makes it difficult to time intercourse for the best chances of pregnancy. Hormone imbalances can be managed by medication, herbal supplements and lifestyle changes.
Talk to your doctor about determining the type of hormone imbalance from which you suffer. Simple blood work during different phases of the menstrual cycle can determine which hormones are out of balance.
Ask your doctor to prescribe birth control pills to regulate menstruation if you are not looking to become pregnant immediately. Oral contraceptives contain progestins and can include oestrogen. These hormones simulate and supplement the hormones created during the menstrual cycle, causing the body to regulate the menstrual cycle normally as long as the pills are taken correctly.
Discuss fertility medications, such as clomiphene citrate (Clomid) or follicle stimulating hormones, if you want to become pregnant. These medications stimulate ovulation, balancing the hormones and allowing a normal menstrual cycle to occur. Intercourse or assisted reproduction procedures such as intrauterine insemination and in-vitro fertilisation can be timed to ovulation, allowing the best chance for success.
Use herbal supplements to regulate your hormones. Taking a dose of 50 mg to 200 mg soy isoflavones on days 3-7 or days 5-9 of the menstrual cycle stimulates oestrogen production, while taking a progesterone supplement after ovulation until the expected date of menstruation regulates the luteal phase of the cycle. Once the progesterone is stopped, menstruation will occur.
Regulate your hormones based on diet and exercise. Excess fat tissue produces oestrogen, and reducing fat can cause menstruation to become regular. Insulin resistance also produces hormone imbalances; a diet low in carbohydrates will regulate this condition and cause the body to produce less insulin. These lifestyle changes can help regulate both hormone levels and menstruation.