Eczema is an inflammation of the epidermis that may describe a broad range of skin conditions. It's typically a dry rash characterised by symptoms such as redness, swelling, flaking, cracking and bleeding. Eczema on the eyelids is especially irritating since this area is so sensitive. Eczema on the eyelids is typically treated with anti-itch medication and supportive measures.
Use steroid creams. The itchiness caused by eczema is generally effective with steroid creams regardless of the affected area. However, these creams have adverse effects and are especially unsuited to long-term use on the eyelids since they can cause fine wrinkles.
Perform measures specific for eczema on the eyelids to prevent further irritation of this sensitive area. Abstain from applying make-up around the eyes and wash your face with mild, unscented soaps. Avoid exposure to heat and dust. Some people may benefit from wearing glasses instead of contact lenses.
Use immunosuppressants for severe cases of eczema. A doctor may prescribe drugs that suppress the immune system when eczema doesn't respond to other forms of treatment. Immunosuppressants such as Prednisone can dramatically improve your eczema, but they also have numerous and severe side effects.
Apply moisturisers to the eyelids. Eczema is frequently exacerbated by skin dryness, and moisturising is an important self-care treatment for eczema. You should use thicker emollients such as Balneum and Oilatum for dry, flaky skin caused by eczema.
Avoid foods that may cause eczema. Some cases of eczema may be triggered by allergies to foods such as coffee, eggs, maize, nuts, soybean products and wheat. This approach for treating eczema is still in the experimental stage, however.