A shed is a small, simply constructed building that is designed mainly for storage of items such as lawn and garden equipment, holiday decorations and sporting equipment. Having your own shed allows you to conveniently store your items on your own property instead of renting storage space. Build this economical 8 by 8 foot shed in your spare time with simple hand tools. The shed can be trimmed and painted to match your home or other out buildings.
Make an 8 by 8 foot floor framework using 2"x6"x8' pressure treated lumber. Nail together the floor joists on 16" centres using 16D nails. Measure diagonally across the corners to make sure your floor is square. Nail two 4'x8' sheets of ¾" plywood or oriented strand board (OBS) to the floor joists using 8D nails.
Use your completed floor as a work surface to build your walls. Build two 96" wide by 72" tall side walls from 2"x4" lumber on 16" centres. Square up the walls by measuring across with your measuring tape. Cut four sheets of 4'x8' siding 78" long. Lay two sheets on each wall, letting them overhang the bottom of the wall by 6". Nail the sheets of siding down with 8D nails. Raise the walls and level them. Brace the walls in position with scrap lumber. Nail through the bottom plate of the walls into the floor.
Build front and back walls 89" wide by 72" tall in the same fashion. Frame an opening for the door in the front wall 48" wide by 69" tall. Do not attach siding to the front or back wall and raise the walls into position. Nail through the corner stud and into the side walls on each corner. Nail through the bottom plate into the floor. Add a collar beam between the side walls by measuring down the wall 48" and nailing a 2"x4"x8' piece of lumber on its edge into the top plate.
Use 2"x4"x8' lumber for the roof framing. Temporarily attach the ridge board into place with scrap lumber on the front and back walls. Measure and cut the roof rafters using a framing square and nail into place on 16" centres. Remove the temporary bracing from the ridge board once the rafters are in place. Measure, mark and cut the remaining 4'x8' sheets of siding for the front and back walls and nail them up. Fashion a door from 2"x4" lumber and leftover siding. Make sure the door is square and attach it to the building using hinges and galvanised 2" screws. Trim the outside corners and openings with 1"x4" pine boards. Paint or stain the exterior wood surfaces for weather protection.
Roof the shed by nailing ½" plywood to the rafters with 8D nails. Cover the plywood with tar paper before adding shingles.
For added strength, use construction adhesive in addition to nails when applying the ¾" flooring to the floor joists.