With the new SATA specification becoming more popular than the EIDE drive connection, it is becoming increasingly important to understand how to install SATA-ready devices. This process is easier than previous drive connection technologies and requires very little knowledge and effort to perform. Installing a DVD SATA drive to a computer is essential knowledge for any computer owner.
Disconnect your computer from any electrical sources.
Remove your computer's side access panel. This may require removing two thumbscrews located on the rear face of the computer.
Locate a free drive bay within your computer's case in which to mount the DVD drive. These bays are usually along the front of the case and are referred to as 5.25 inch drive bays.
Insert your DVD drive into an appropriate bay. Though most modern cases use tool-free mounting brackets, you may be required to use two thumbscrews to mount the drive into place. These will be provided in the drive's package.
Locate a free SATA power cable from your power supply unit and connect it to the rear face of your DVD drive. This connector will be the larger of the two on the rear face and is keyed so that only a SATA power connector will connect to it.
Connect the SATA data cable which came with the drive to the back of the DVD drive. This connector is also keyed and will be the only available connector after attaching the power cable.
Connect the other end of the SATA data cable to a free SATA data port on your motherboard. Again, this connection is keyed to only fit in one orientation.
Replace your computer's side panel and reestablish any electrical connections.
Boot into your operating system and install any driver software which was included with the hard drive to ensure proper functionality.
Unlike EIDE drives, SATA drives have no preference when deciding which port to connect to on the motherboard and also have no Master/Slave configuration to consider.
SATA connectors are keyed and will only fit in one orientation. If a connector is not fitting correctly do not force it, but rather ensure you have the connector oriented correctly. Forcing a bad connection may cause motherboard and drive damage.