When most people buy a puppy, they don’t expect to have to deal with any health problems, especially if the dog has received all of its vaccinations. And yet, shortly after bringing the puppy home, they may notice that it is suffering from rectal bleeding. This can be very alarming, but it doesn’t automatically mean a life or death situation. So, before you get worried, take a look at the steps below.
Determine the extent of rectal bleeding. Rectal bleeding in puppies occurs for two reasons: anal irritation or an illness. If it is the result of an illness, especially the parvovirus, there will usually be an excessive amount of blood. The picture on the left side is an example of what you should look out for. If the bleeding is the result of constipation or diarrhoea, there will only be a small amount of blood.
Take the puppy to the vet if you suspect an illness. If the dog has severe rectal bleeding, she must be taken the vet immediately. Of course, she may have something less serious than parvovirus, but if she does have it, she could die in just a few days. Even with treatment she is in a critical situation, but at least she has a chance.
Treat any anal problems the puppy might have. When rectal bleeding in puppies is less severe, treatment can often be given at home. But you need to be sure that the condition is the result of an anal problem, such as constipation or diarrhoea. If the dog has diarrhoea, you will want to give him medication. This medication must be designed for treating dog diarrhoea. Lambert Kay’s “Pet Pectillin” is an example of one such medication.
If your puppy is suffering from constipation, you will want to increase his activity level while switching to canned food, (temporarily). This combination should help to loosen up the dog’s stool. If this doesn’t work, you may want to get a laxative designed for treating canine constipation.
Watch what your puppy eats. When your puppy is suffering from rectal bleeding, you will want to restrain from giving her human food or even doggy treats. If she has diarrhoea, you want to give her food that is easy on her digestive system. Dried dog food is usually the best choice.
Give the puppy extra water. Regardless of the cause of your puppy’s rectal bleeding, you will want to make sure he drinks plenty of water. This helps replenish his electrolytes while moving the stool along in a healthy way. If he is sick, extra water will help flush his system of the illness. However, if your dog is seriously ill, you may want to give him spring water instead of tap water. He won’t know the difference and it will be easier on his system.
Make sure your dog doesn't eat grass, as this can aggravate rectal bleeding.
If a dog is still suffering from rectal bleeding even after you've treated their anal problems, you will want to take them to the vet anyway.