Nerve damage, which is also called neuropathy, can affect every part of the body, including the brain. Some of the causes associated with nerve damage include diabetes, kidney disease, traumatic injuries and alcohol abuse. After there has been damage to the nerves, various symptoms can be seen such as numbness and tingling sensations in the extremities, muscle wasting and degeneration of bones. Although there is not a concrete cure, there are ways to keep it under control and promote regeneration of the nerves.
Eliminate toxins. Alcohol and smoking should be either given up or avoided. They limit the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the damaged nerves which can not only make the symptoms worse, but also stop the healing process.
Get some exercise. It is important to get and maintain proper range of motion and flexibility when there is nerve damage. The muscles often become weak, they decrease in size and they can develop cramps. Exercise should be non-impactful on the feet and there should be a full range of motion. Examples of some exercises are biking, swimming, water aerobics and seated machine exercises. (see References).
Eat a clean diet. Diets that are high in fat and sugar can exacerbate nerve damage and cause weight gain. This can make the recovery process even harder. Eat balanced meals that contain protein, carbs and fat that consist of nutrient dense foods. Some examples would be fruits, vegetables, lean meats, lowfat dairy, beans, seeds and nuts.
Get some key vitamins. In order for the body to properly restore function to the nerves, various vitamins can be beneficial. Some of these include Vitamin-B1 which is called thiamine, and Vitamin-B12 which is called cyanocobalamin (see References).
Take care of your body. Be meticulous with your movements and aware of any injuries or infections you may have on areas of your body that have nerve damage. Keep wounds clean and avoid any activities that can make them worse.
It is also a good idea to see a physical therapist, especially if you have never exercised before. A physical therapist can set up specific exercises and guide you through to make sure you are doing them correctly.