How to Make a Sharp Wooden Sword

Updated April 17, 2017

Wooden swords have been used by warriors to practice and hone their skills for centuries. Roman gladiators practised their deadly moves with small wooden gladius swords. The sport of Kendo still makes use of the wooden sword for training students in the art of swordsmanship. Creating your own wooden sword can be done with a few tools, a simple 2-by-4 and a little patience. Once you have completed this sword you can decorate it and display this elegant yet extremely affordable weapon on your wall.

Cut the 8 foot 2-by-4 with a hacksaw so that you are left with a 3 foot long piece. Trace the pattern of the sword on the widest side of the wood. Begin by drawing an angle shape in the middle of the left side edge. This will be the tip of the sword. At the ends of the tip add two parallel lines that get slightly wider as the lines get closer to the right side. This will be the blade of the sword. Lay a measuring tap across the board with the tip of the measuring tape on the left end. Continue the pencil lines of the blade until you reach 27 inches on the measuring tape.

Add a half circle shape that is 2 inches wide for the hilt. From there draw two parallel lines that are 1-1/2 inch apart for the handle. Add a circle that is 1 inch long and slightly wider than the handle to create the pommel.

Saw the sword out of the plank of wood with a hacksaw. Don't worry about getting around all of the small grooves like the hilt, handle and pommel. You can cut around these shapes and refine them later.

Shape the sword with a rasp. Rub the rasp all the way around the handle until it becomes cylindrical. Make the pommel of the sword round with the same motion. round off the edges on the sword hilt.

Shave off 1/2 inch of thickness on each flat side of the blade. Give the blade an edge by drawing a pencil line down the middle of the blade. Using the rasp begin scraping off the wood from middle line and bear down with increasing effort as you get closer to the blade edge. Do this for the other side of the blade in the same manner. Flip over the sword and repeat the process. Do not stop filing down the blade until the edges become sharp and thin.

Sand the entire blade, hilt, pommel and handle. Start with an rough grit sand paper like 80-100 and keep sanding with increasingly higher grits until you are using a very fine sand paper above 200 grit. You may decorate the sword with a leather strap wrapped around the handle or even add on small jewels to the hilt. After the sword is finished you may also stain it to improve the appearance.


Never swing a sharpened sword at an animal or person. Make sure you sand thoroughly to prevent splinters when handling.

Things You'll Need

  • 8 foot 2-by-4 board (most 2-by-4's come in 8 foot lengths)
  • Hacksaw
  • Low and high grit sand paper
  • Rasp
  • Measuring tape
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About the Author

Andrew DeWitt is a freelance writer/illustrator and stand-up comic with more than eight years of professional experience. He has written for Chicago Public Radio, Vocalo Radio, Second City Chicago, and The Lemming. DeWitt has a liberal arts degree with a double major in theater and creative writing.