Blackheads are icky plugs of oily secretions that get stuck in your pores. Exposure to oxygen turns them black, hence the name. A comedone extractor is a long stainless steel tool with two metal loops on each end. These end loops can help rid your skin of blackheads without introducing more bacteria to your skin.
Soften your skin by applying heat or steam to your face. This will not only help soften your skin, but open up your pores making it easier to clean. Taking a long hot shower, or covering your face with a towel over a pot of boiling water for 5 to 10 minutes are two ways to prepare your skin.
Sterilize the extractor. Because acne is caused by bacteria on your skin, you want to use a tool that's been sterilized properly. Take a clean cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol and wash the extractor tool for 30 seconds.
Place one of the extractor loops over the blackhead area. The tool has two different sized loops on it, so use the loop that is closest to the size of the blackhead. If the loop is too large there won't be enough force to pop the infected site.
Apply pressure in a downward motion. Gently press the extractor tool in close to your skin and downwards towards your chin. This motion should help release the content from the pore.
Clean the area with an antiseptic. After you've removed the blackhead, take a cotton ball and clean the small area with a skin cleaner to clean out any more bacteria from your pore.
Never use your fingernails to remove blackheads. Regardless of how often you wash your hands, it's unlikely you'll be able to kill all the bacteria on them and under your finger nails. Finger nails can also slip and scratch your face making you look worse and more swollen.