There are many factors that cause canine stroke, so it's important to know the symptoms and possible causes. Dogs can suffer from one of two types of strokes: ischemic or hemorrhagic. Depending on what part of the brain was affected, symptoms and damage varies. The damage to the brain cannot be treated, but the stroke can be prevented.
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Once a dog experiences a stroke, the damage is already done, which is why it's imperative to seek a veterinarian's expertise immediately. If the veterinarian can figure out the cause of the dog's stroke, the situation can be remedied. This will prevent the dog from having another stroke, which will cause more damage to its body and maybe be fatal. You should keep an eye on your dog and keep note of any unusual behaviour.
Ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic strokes are the two types of canine stroke that dogs can suffer from. Ischemic stroke occurs when blood to the brain is blocked in an artery, and hemorrhagic stroke occurs when blood to the brain is blocked due to bleeding of the brain. The dog might have loss of balance, lethargy, blindness, loss of bladder and bowel control and other abnormal behaviours.
In comparison to human stroke, canine stroke does not affect the dog in the same way. Often dogs recover quickly from stroke, but this is not always the case. Dogs can become paralysed or blind, or they can experience ticks like tilting of the head. Every dog will react differently, because it depends on what part of the brain the stroke affected.
Prevention is the key to canine stroke, so it's a beneficial to provide your dog with a healthy diet and balance of physical activity. Regular exercise can help with circulation, and herbal supplements can be given to the dog to help with brain and nervous system function. If your pet has already had a stroke, it's important to spend quality time with them to help them recover quickly. Provide a warm, comfortable place for them to rest, and encourage him to eat, drink and go to the bathroom outside. If he needs a little help that is OK, but try to keep the dog on the same routine.
If dogs are not taken care of properly after having a stroke, the next stroke will most likely be fatal. To increase the dog's chance of survival, it's necessary for a veterinarian to assess the dog and figure out the cause of the stroke. A CT (computed tomography) scan or an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) might be required in order to determine the cause.