The African dwarf frog originated from the streams and small rivers of central Africa. These frogs can grow up to 2.5 inches in length, and its colours range from pale olive green to brownish green. They are fully aquatic, meaning they never need to leave the water. If receiving proper care, the African dwarf frog can live up to five years.
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African dwarf frogs are not picky eaters and will typically eat fresh or frozen food. In captivity, their favourite foods are frozen bloodworms and brine shrimps, but they will also eat sinking fish food pellets. They will usually eat whenever you offer them food, but should be fed only every other day. In the wild, these frogs hunt by smell and will eat small fish and worms, mosquito larvae and small insects.
A large, 10-gallon tank is sufficient for housing African dwarf frogs. They are prone to jumping, so you must keep the tank covered at all times. Water temperature should be kept between 22.2 and 27.7 degrees C. These are freshwater creatures, so only use plain, unchlorinated mineral water. You can also use tap water with anti-chlorine tablets -- just be sure to let the water sit for 48 hours before putting the frogs in it. This gives the chlorine time to evaporate. Choose a shallow tank, no more than 2 to 3 feet deep. Deeper tanks can make it difficult for the frogs to occasionally swim to the surface for air.
African dwarf frogs are fairly calm and can mix with other freshwater fish. They can live with guppies, goldfish, small catfish, beta fish, tetras, platies, loaches and swordtails. Since the frogs are so docile, do not mix predatory fish with them inside the tank. They also live quite easily with members of their own species, both male and female.
These frogs typically do not get sick easily, but they are more susceptible to stress if they are overcrowded in the tank. They can become afflicted with bacterial infections. Cloudy eyes, red skin or open sores are indications of infection. Changing the water and administering antibacterial medicine usually will resolve the issue. If the frogs get an infection from fungus, inflammation of the skin can also occur. A malachite, green-based medicine will help this problem.
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