How to Make a Flower Arrangement

Flower arrangements can be in any design from simple to ornate and made from almost any flower. Some flowers are more suited to cutting for floral arrangements than others and roses are one of the most beautiful and versatile flowers to use in a bouquet. A Victorian nosegay arrangement made of roses, hydrangeas and violets is a very ornate and eye-catching centerpiece. Here's how to make a traditional, formal nosegay arrangement.

Wash and dry bowl. Never use a container or vase that hasn't been washed after the last arrangement.

Prepare foam by soaking it in cool water. Let the foam float until it is half way submerged in the water, then remove it immediately and let it drain. Don't push foam under the water, just let it sink naturally.

Place the ball of floral foam in the bowl. Make sure there is ample room in the bowl for water to come up covering about 1/4 of the foam ball. Add water with the correct mixture of floral preservative.

Remove leaves from the part of the stems that will be in the foam.

Place the single specimen rose in the middle of the foam and push it in carefully. Add clusters or single, smaller roses and buds of the same variety in a close circle around the center rose.

Insert small bunches of violets between every third rose in the circle.

Alternate one small and one large carnation in the next circle. Be sure carnations are placed closely together and right under the rose and violet circle. Place a small cluster of violets between every fifth carnation.

Begin another circle with one hydrangea head, then 3 carnations, then one bunch of violets. Continue around the foam with this sequence until there is room for only one more circle of flowers on the bottom.

Add one last row of all hydrangeas to the very bottom of the floral arrangement. Stand back and look at the floral arrangement. There should be no foam showing and the arrangement should look tight and symmetrical. Add additional rows or flowers where needed.


At the bottom of the nosegay arrangement, angle the stems downward to form a rounded appearance.

Things You'll Need

  • One large specimen rose in medium or light pink
  • Several small clusters or single small roses and buds of the same color pink
  • Pink, lavender or light blue hydrangeas
  • Deep purple violets
  • Small and large pink carnations
  • Green florist's foam ball
  • Round, gold or silver metal bowl, 3 or 4 inches wider than foam ball
  • Floral preservative
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