How to clean cookers

Updated April 17, 2017

Even the most careful of home chefs needs to clean his cooker every so often. Simple spills and oven drips can turn into grime and grease over time. However, cleaning a cooker doesn't have to a be a daunting chore. With the right materials and a bit of effort, the dirtiest cooker can look bright again. Of course, cleaning directions vary slightly depending on the type and model of cooker. Make sure your cooker, whether electric or gas, is switched off before cleaning.

Lift the cooker lid. Remove the metal pot supports from the hob and place them in a sink filled with warm water. Squeeze a little washing liquid into the water. Take off the metal burner plates if you have a gas cooker.

Wipe the hob surface with a strong sponge. Use oven cleaner liquid or spray. Try not to let too much water and suds get under the burner holes. Use a stiff brush to remove any clogged dirt from the burner flame holes.

Use a damp sponge to clean the cooker knobs. Take them off if possible and clean beneath each knob.

Open the oven door, which is usually made from strengthened glass. Use oven cleaning fluid and a sponge to remove any caked-on grime from the glass. Try a light scouring pad for any stubborn burnt areas on the inside but be careful not to rub too hard.

Remove all the grill shelves and any other items from the oven. Place lightly soiled grills in the sink alongside the hob supports. Put extremely dirty grills and shelves in a bin bag. Spray with ammonia cleaner, tie the bag shut and leave for at least four hours, according to the Cleaners Register website. Remove and rinse with clean water.

Remove any crumbs or bits of food from the bottom of the oven interior. Clean inside using a strong sponge or light scouring pad with squirts of oven cleaner. Alternatively, place half a cup of household ammonia inside the oven, with the grill trays left inside. Close the door and leave overnight. Put on rubber gloves and mix the ammonia with a few cups of water and then use this to wipe clean the oven, according to Penn State University.

Rinse the hob supports and grill trays. Dry them on a washing up rack or with a clean kitchen towel. Replace all items to their correct positions on the cooker.


For an alternative to commercial oven cleaners, try a layer of baking soda mixed with water pasted on your oven door. Leave for a few hours and then wash off.

Prevent future grime build-ups by wiping off any spillages with warm soapy water soon after they occur.


Ensure that all hobs and pans are cool before touching.

Avoid using scouring pads on the outside of the oven as they may scratch or damage the surface.

If you own a self-cleaning model, check the manual before cleaning. Some chemicals may damage this type of cooker.

Things You'll Need

  • Rubber gloves
  • Sponge or strong cloth
  • Non-scratch scouring pad
  • Oven cleaner
  • Washing liquid
  • Stiff brush
  • Baking soda (optional)
  • Ammonia (optional)
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