How does conception work?

Written by geoffrey weed
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How does conception work?
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What Makes Conception Possible?

For the conception of a human being to take place the first necessary qualification is the sexual union of two people, one male and one female. Both must have reached the age of sexual maturity and both must be fertile. Same-sex unions cannot result in conception.

How Does the Conception Take Place?

Conception is accomplished through vaginal intercourse. In order for conception to take place the female must be ovulating (have eggs released and ready for fertilisation). When the male climaxes he releases a small quantity of ejaculate through the tip of his penis and into the vagina of the female. The male ejaculate contains millions of sperm, which travel through the moist mucus membrane of the vagina, through the cervix, and into the uterus. If any sperm encounter the female egg or eggs, they attempt to inseminate the egg. Once the egg is inseminated it lodges in the wall of the uterus and begins to rapidly develop into a foetus. This developmental process generally takes about 9 months, ending in birth.

Can Conception Happen in Other Ways?

Vaginal intercourse is not the only way in which conception can take place. Any contact between male ejaculate and a female vaginal area can result in pregnancy. Although such instances are rare, it is possible. Likewise, modern technology has brought about the advent of the "test-tube baby." This term derives its name from the fact that conception can now take place artificially, using lab equipment. To do so fertility doctors take male ejaculate, find sperm on a microscopic level, and then implant sperm manually into a female egg to fertilise it. Once this is done the egg can be implanted into the woman's uterus, resulting in conception. The use of fertility drugs is also often involved in this procedure to make sure there is a plentiful supply of eggs to be artificially fertilised.

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