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What Are the Signs of a Bad Egr Valve?

Updated March 23, 2017

The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve is an automobile part used to reduce exhaust emissions. A bad EGR valve causes an increase in emissions as well as a number of problems for an engine.

Emissions

The EGR valve allows a small amount of exhaust gas to enter the air intake when needed to reduce the combustion temperature in the engine. Without this cooling effect, the engine runs hot which increases exhaust emissions. These emissions increase pollution and result in the vehicle failing emissions testing.

Detonation

With a bad EGR valve, the combustion temperatures rises which can cause detonation. Detonation, often referred to as spark knock, is caused by fuel burning in the cylinders due to heat and not ignition spark. Detonation causes the fuel to be burnt prematurely which makes the engine inefficient, resulting in decreased gas mileage.

Other Problems

A bad EGR valve creates vacuum problems for the engine. The engine uses vacuum to adjust air intake and fuel injection. Vacuum problems may make an engine difficult to start and causes the engine to not idle properly. The engine may also stall, hesitate or show other performance problems while driving.

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About the Author

Jay Motes is a writer who sold his first article in 1998. Motes has written for numerous print and online publications including "The Dollar Stretcher" and "WV Sportsman." He holds a Bachelor of Arts with a double major in history and political science form Fairmont State College in Fairmont, W.V.