The E30 was an internal designation used by BMW to denote a variety of 3 Series models manufactured between 1982 and 1993. The 316 featured the smallest and least powerful engine in the E30 line-up.
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As per BMW naming conventions, the last two numbers in the model name correspond to the engine size. The 316 always carried the 1600cc or 1.6 litre four-cylinder inline engine. Midway through the model's life cycle, the name was changed to 316i as the engine moved from a carburettor to injectors, resulting in greater power and efficiency.
The four-door 316 sedan was powered by the 90-horsepower, first-generation engine from 1982 until 1986. The top speed was 112 miles per hour. In 1987, the car was renamed 316i, gaining 12 horsepower in the process, while top speed was essentially unchanged. With minor alterations, the same engine powered the car until 1990.
The 316i touring, despite the exotic-sounding name, was a typically styled estate car. Manufactured between 1991 to 1994, it featured the same 100-horsepower engine, but was 2mph slower at top speed due to its heavier frame.
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