The word "pagan" has many meanings, but the most accepted one is a religion that is not Christian based. Many pagan religions are earth-based or earth-worshipping religions that use plants and flowers in their rituals.
Flower Use in Rituals
The plants pagans use in rituals depend on the god or goddess with whom a person wishes to connect and the help or advice being sought. A pagan attempting to seek wealth may burn jasmine and lilac. A pagan seeking help in getting pregnant may use apple blossoms, Hawthorne blossoms, and lavender.
Learning which flowers are sacred to particular gods or goddesses before making an offering is important. Presenting the wrong offering or making the offering incorrectly could cause the desire to backfire. Pagans believe that their deities are omnipresent, and they also consider plants and flowers to be under the protection of certain gods or goddesses. This protection reflects the plant's meaning.
In mythology, the red rose is under the protection of the goddess Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love. This protection is reflected in the meaning of the red rose, passionate love.