Differences Between Mechanic & Organic Models of Organizational Structure

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Differences Between Mechanic & Organic Models of Organizational Structure
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The mechanic and organic model are two ways of setting up an organizational structure. While most organisations contain aspects of both models, comparing the models and determining their differences can help you understand the make-up of your organisation.

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Two Sides of the Spectrum

In a mechanic organizational structure, the organisation is thought of as a machine. The organisation is structured to operate in a specific way. It either operates the way it is suppose to or doesn't at all. An organic organizational structure, on the other hand, designs the organisation as an organism. It adapts and evolves as it encounters new roadblocks and as different people join the organisation.

People in the Organization

The organic organizational structure takes into account culture. This culture doesn't refer to the country of origin, but the values and principles the people in the organisation hold in common. Mechanic organizational structures, on the other hand, think of people almost as machine cogs. Each person is plugged into his area to make the organisation run effectively. Employees are meant only to interact in a work capacity, whereas an organic organisation structure allows employees to interact on a more personal level.

Outside Environment

The mechanic organizational structure considers the organisation as completely separate from the outside environment. Whereas the organisation produces products for the outside environment, the outside environment does not effect the processes of the organisation. However, the organic organizational structure allows the organisation to interact with outside environments, receiving feedback so that the organisation can grow and evolve.

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