What Is the Jungle Ecosystem?

Updated April 17, 2017

An ecosystem refers to the delicate balance between plant and animal life in nature to sustain a particular type of environment. The ecosystems of jungles and the rainforest are made up of many elements such as vegetation, water sources, insects and animals.

Plant Life & Layers

Plant life in the jungle plays an important role in sustaining the ecosystem and can be separated into "layers." The highest layer of jungle plant life is called the canopy and includes the tallest trees of the rainforest that create a protective barrier for the life underneath.


There are a plethora of insects in jungle and rainforest environments, including perhaps a few species yet to be discovered. Insects play a vital role in the jungle ecosystem; the termite, for example, consumes fallen leaves and decaying branches or trees, which allows fresh vegetation to grow.

Animal Life

The jungle is home to a wide variety of exotic animals, including primates like monies and gorillas, as well as big cats like the jaguar or leopard. All animals in the jungle need the other various elements of the ecosystem for food and survival; for example, many primates feed on termites.

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About the Author

Sophie Southern has been a freelance writer since 2004. Her writing has been featured in "JPG" magazine and on Southern holds a Bachelor of Fine Arts in photography from the School of Visual Arts.