The bright foliage of red-stemmed and red-leaved house plants provides variety and interest for indoor gardeners. Plants with coloured or multicoloured leaves lack chlorophyll in coloured portions, requiring additional light to achieve optimal growth.
Philodendron grows easily indoors, preferring humid conditions and well-fertilised soil. The Erubescens species includes plants with red stems and red or burgundy leaves or veins.
Blood Red Spiral Ginger
Botanically known as Costus erythrophyllus, blood red spiral ginger offers dark green, waxy leaves with a deep red colour on the undersides. The red stems reach 3 to 4 feet in height and produce pink and white flowers. The plant grows best in moist, well-drained soil in shady areas.
Peperomia develops thick, red stems with oval or heart-shaped leaves in green, red and white. It tolerates a wide range of lighting conditions, performing best when allowed to dry out between waterings. It sometimes produces small, white flowers, although it rarely develops these in an indoor setting.
With brightly coloured red leaves, caladium adds a natural focal point to any room. It should be placed near a window where it may receive at least half its daily light from the sun. Caladium performs best in moist, well-drained soil and prefers monthly fertiliser applications.