What type of fertilizer to use on grape vines?

Written by barbara fahs
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What type of fertilizer to use on grape vines?
Grapes vines benefit from annual fertiliser. (Anne Stahl/Photodisc/Getty Images)

Grape vines are easy to grow in the home garden if you have a trellis, arbor or fence on which they can climb. The fruit makes a nutritious snack, and, if you're adventuresome, you can even grow a wine grape.

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Commercial Fertilizer

Chemical fertilisers with an N-P-K ratio of 10-10-10 are good for grape vines, according to the University of Missouri. Apply 1/4 cup of granular 10-10-10 plant food within one week of planting a vine and reapply within one month. Give your vine 1 cup the following year, before new growth begins in early spring. Do not give your grape vine too much fertiliser. The University of California at Davis cautions against giving a grape vine excessive amounts of nitrogen.

Animal Manure

The University of California Cooperative Extension in Tulare County, a grape producing area, states that manure is a good fertiliser for grape vines. Different types of animal manure contain different percentages of key nutrients. An important consideration when using animal manure is to allow it to first compost well so no burning of the plant occurs.


You can make your own comnpost from kitchen scraps and yard trimmings, or you can purchase it at a nursery. If you spread a 2- to 3-inch layer of organic compost around the base of you grape vine, it will provide continuous nutrition all season long. Reapply compost once each year, in spring.

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