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What Makes Fuel Injectors Flood?

Updated April 17, 2017

Even though the fuel-injected engines in most modern cars don't require a driver to pump the throttle before starting the ignition in cold weather, they can still be susceptible to engine flooding.

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Function

In cold weather, a car's engine requires a fuel-rich mixture in order to start. However, this can lead to excess gasoline hitting the cylinders, causing the spark plugs to get wet and leaving the spark plugs unable to create the ignition needed to start the motor.

Types

Pressing the accelerator of throttle body injected engines opens the throttle and allows as much air as possible to get into engine, creating a fuel mixture more conducive to cold weather starting. Instead of opening the throttle, pressing the accelerator of a fuel injected vehicle sends a message to its on-board computer system that the engine is flooded. The computer should respond by lowering the mixture of fuel flowing to the engine.

Prevention/Solution

Old spark plugs can cause fuel-injected motors to flood on a regular basis during cold weather starts. Keeping the battery and engine warm with an electric battery blanket or block heater can also help to prevent engine flooding.

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About the Author

Richard Manfredi has more than a decade of professional writing experience, both in the media and at a corporate level. Since 2003, he has worked in the public relations industry, creating and executing campaigns for technology and entertainment companies. Manfredi is also a journalist who has worked for the "Orange County Register," as well as several online publications.

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