What type of soil do tomato plants need?

Written by theresa leschmann
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What type of soil do tomato plants need?
Tomatoes are quite versatile when it comes to soil requirements (tomato plant image by Crisps 85 from Fotolia.com)

Growing tomatoes is relatively easy when it comes to soil types because tomatoes are so flexible in their requirements. A soil test can reveal facts about soil that will provide guidance in making any alterations. Nutrients, pH, water retention and workability are all important to the success of the tomato plants.

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Soil Types

Tomatoes are capable of growing in many soil types, which explains why they are one of the more commonly grown vegetables. Loamy soils are preferred but not required for growing healthy, delicious tomatoes.

Soil Considerations

The soil must be well-drained. Tomatoes do not like to have wet feet. If the soil is compacted or drains poorly, it should be amended before planting. The soil should be loose and easy to work at planting.

Soil pH

Tomatoes prefer a somewhat acidic soil. The pH value should fall within the 6.2 to 6.8 range. If a soil test reveals a different value, amendments can correct the pH value.

Soil Nutrients

The soil is where the tomato gets its nutrients. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are critical to good fruit development. The correct balance of low nitrogen, high phosphorus and medium-to-high potassium should do the trick.

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