Fjords formed naturally when glaciers retreated and seawater flooded the valleys. Western Norway, with the greatest number of fiords in the world, is known as "Fjord Norway." Fjords are found in other areas of Norway as well; even the capital, Oslo, has its own.
Fjord Norway enjoys a warmer climate than other areas of the country. Winters tend to be mild and humid because of the Gulf Stream. November kicks off the winter months; in the western party of the country, this is the time of the heaviest rainfall. Though tourists tend to visit during summer, wintertime in the mountains is a skier's paradise.
Spring begins earlier in eastern Norway than in Fjord Norway. Hardangerfjord, in the heart of Fjord Norway, is famous for its flowering fruit trees in May. A major producer of apples, pears, cherries, plums and berries, Hardangerfjord is known as the "Orchard of Norway."
Summer in Fjord Norway is a little cooler than in eastern Norway. This is the season when Western Norway sees the highest number of tourists. The peak of summer is from June to early August. Days are sunny, long and bright, and temperatures reach 77F. The weather is ideal for summer skiing.
September marks the beginning of autumn in Fjord Norway. The landscape is golden and bright, and red berry clusters hang from bare branches. Because this is the harvest time, apples, pears and plums are available in abundance.