Guide to Growing Mushrooms Outdoors

Written by gabrielle morgan | 13/05/2017
Guide to Growing Mushrooms Outdoors
Mushrooms grow fast and in large quantities. (The colony of mushrooms growing on a wooden log image by Alina Goncharova from Fotolia.com)

Mushrooms produce large crops in a relatively short amount of time, generally within six to seven weeks, compared to other crops. Most edible mushroom varieties can be grown indoors or outdoors under the proper conditions.

Types of Mushrooms

Guide to Growing Mushrooms Outdoors
Oyster and shiitake mushrooms are the most common varieties for home-growers. (yellow oyster mushrooms image by TMLP from Fotolia.com)

Shiitake and oyster mushrooms are the only domesticated mushroom varieties and the most common for growing at home. Additional edible wild mushroom varieties include morels, Chinese Ling Chi, Chicken-of-the-Woods and White Button.

Kits and Spawn

Guide to Growing Mushrooms Outdoors
Purchased kits or blocks of spores are required for growing mushrooms. (mushrooms image by Deborah Durbin from Fotolia.com)

Blocks of spores called spawn are required for growing mushrooms. Kits are available that include laboratory grown spores necessary for growing mushrooms. Kits range from just-add-water types for beginners to prepared spawn for more experience growers.

Light and Temperature

Guide to Growing Mushrooms Outdoors
Mushrooms grow best in dark, moist locations. (mushrooms and stub image by Sergey Minaev from Fotolia.com)

Mushrooms grow best where consistent temperatures between 10 and 15.6 degrees Celsius are maintained. They thrive in dark locations but will tolerate light. Mushrooms require consistent moisture.

Surface Requirements

Guide to Growing Mushrooms Outdoors
Mushrooms grow in a variety of locations on many surfaces. (mushrooms image by Alison Bowden from Fotolia.com)

Mushrooms grow in compost, manure, on logs and tree stumps, wet straw, and sawdust. Purchase prepared manure compost or grow mushrooms around trees, depending on the selected variety. Some mushroom varieties will grow in the lawn and in other dark, moist locations and materials.

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