Menopause itself does not cause psoriasis. However, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, hormonal changes, such as those that occur during menopause, can cause psoriasis to flare or even appear for the first time.
Brigham and Women's Hospital defines menopause as the cessation of menstruation, which occurs because a woman's body produces fewer eggs and oestrogen over time.
An autoimmune disease that manifests as inflamed areas on the skin, psoriasis can first appear at any time in your life. However two peak periods commonly mark psoriasis outbreaks. The first occurs at puberty (typically between 16 and 22 years), and the second occurs at menopause (typically between 51 and 60 years).
Hormonal shifts can trigger psoriasis. During puberty and menopause, your body has a drop in oestrogen. This drop can cause a flare in psoriasis or for psoriasis to appear for the first time. A study done at the University of California in 2005 demonstrated the link between psoriasis and hormonal changes by identifying a significant correlation between high levels of oestrogen during pregnancy and reduction of psoriasis symptoms.
A doctor diagnoses psoriasis by taking a medical history and observing symptoms. Occasionally she may perform a small skin biopsy.
Treatment of psoriasis remains the same regardless of the cause: light therapy or topical, oral, or injected medications.