s allowance, or the dole, is monetary relief available to unemployed residents of the United Kingdom who are actively seeking work. Funds come from the budget of the Department for Work and Pensions and can be categorised as either contribution-based or income-based job seekers allowance.
There are two categories of job seeker`s allowance. The criteria for receiving contribution-based allowance takes into account how much a resident has paid into the National Insurance in the last two financial years and is only available for 182 days of unemployment.
Income-based allowance is awarded after reviewing a resident's income and savings at the time of application and is designed for lower-income residents who have not made significant contributions to the National Insurance. Self-employed job seekers can apply for both but are more likely to be awarded income-based allowance.
General criteria for job seeker`s allowance applicants include being 18 or over but not at the State Pension age, a resident of Great Britain and actively seeking work. Those given an allowance must continue to actively seek work. Applicants must attend a new job seeker interview, where specialists give advice on job interviews and skill building.