The Plants & Animals of Sudan

Written by ashley mackenzie
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The Plants & Animals of Sudan
Sudan is home to an elephant population of at least 8,000, according to National Geographic. (elephant image by Kirubeshwaran from

Sudan is the largest country in Africa, according to the Department of State and its size allows a wide variety of wildlife to thrive. Sudanese people cultivate native plants for food, while exotic animals roam in the vast stretches of wilderness.

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Sudan has undergone a decades-long civil war, yet National Geographic states that Sudan's wildlife--including large herds of animals--still survive in the country. Though some worried that hunters may have destroyed the animal population, a 2007 aerial survey discovered that animal populations don't seem to be dwindling.

Native Plants

Many plants flourish in Sudan's arid and tropical climates. These include species of fruits and vegetables that the Sudanese people rely on for sustenance, such as Sonchus carnutus that provides green salad leaves and Cucurbita maxima, a type of squash.


Sudan is also home to huge populations of animals, from antelope to elephants. National Geographic states that a 2007 survey of the landscape spotted 2,800 ostriches, 250,000 Mongalla gazelles and close to a million kob antelope running free. Over 1,000 species of birds also nest in Sudan, according to the World Bird Database.

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