Cats, like all other mammals, need proper electrolyte balance for their bodies to function properly. Electrolyte imbalances are often the result of a kidney dysfunction, a sign that the organs aren't functioning properly.
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The kidney is full of small structures called nephrons. The nephrons filter waste out of the body and help regulate the levels of electrolytes. If a cat has a disease like Chronic Renal Insufficiency, the nephrons die and electrolytes become imbalanced.
Cats with electrolyte imbalances will exhibit symptoms like a marked increase in thirst and excessive urination. Other symptoms include weight loss, vomiting and lack of appetite.
Chronic Renal Insufficiency is a terminal disease. You can, however, maintain quality of life through proper diet and medication. Other conditions like urethral obstruction or interstitial cystitis can also cause electrolyte imbalances.
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