What does developmental arrest mean?

Written by tamasin wedgwood
  • Share
  • Tweet
  • Share
  • Pin
  • Email
What does developmental arrest mean?
Normal childhood development includes sociability, direct eye contact, gestures and smile responses. (baby pointing image by Diane Stamatelatos from Fotolia.com)

The term developmental arrest means that some aspect of normal growth and development has halted. Such an arrest can affect any aspect of development--physical, intellectual or emotional. Global delay is diagnosed when all areas of development are impaired.

Other People Are Reading

Types

In children, developmental arrest is failure to gain accepted milestones--including social and psychological milestones--on time. In teenagers, it may involve failure to attain puberty; in adults, inability to handle emotions or empathise with others.

Causes

Arrested sexual development is usually caused by eating disorders, irritable bowel disease, or side effects of stimulant medications. It may be chromosomal---for example Turner syndrome, which affects girls, halting growth and preventing puberty. Arrested social development occurs with autism, ADHD and personality disorders. These conditions have genetic components. Global delay is usually chromosomal, as in fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Rett's syndrome or Angelman syndrome. It can also result from metabolic disorders.

Symptoms

Speech delay in early childhood is the most common indicator for most developmental disorders. Other indicators include motor difficulties and problems with toileting, avoiding eye contact, not developing empathy, laughing inappropriately and not exhibiting fear or pain.

Time Frame

Concerns are justified if babbling and crawling have not begun by 12 months or talking and walking by two years. Puberty is considered arrested if development has not begun by 13, or menstruation by 16.

Don't Miss

Filter:
  • All types
  • Articles
  • Slideshows
  • Videos
Sort:
  • Most relevant
  • Most popular
  • Most recent

No articles available

No slideshows available

No videos available

By using the eHow.co.uk site, you consent to the use of cookies. For more information, please see our Cookie policy.