The relationship between computer technology and society is constantly evolving. Some major technology and society topics include democratisation, efficiency, environment and cybercrime issues.
Information technology, like the Internet and other community or organisation intranets, shares various forms of information through a network. Shel Waggener, Chief Information Officer at UC Berkeley says that a technology offers democratisation because a person can become his own IT team with cloud computing, delivering hosted material over the Internet.
Technology can foster efficient operations for companies. Credit card payments promote accurate accounting of revenue and taxes, unlike cash. According to an SAP efficiency survey in the UK, technology promotes efficient internal collaboration, education, training and reporting procedures.
Environmental technology processes and recycles waste materials. It tackles the use of natural resources, water supply shortages, global climate change and deforestation issues.
Technology enables communication, research and tracking that can violate the rights of other individuals, such as cyberstalking and hacking. National and international governments enforce cybercrime regulations to protect individual rights. In the U.S., the Department of Justice assumes responsibility for computer crimes.
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