Plants & Animals of Germany

Updated February 21, 2017

Crisscrossed by mountains, forests, rivers, and marshes, Germany's diverse landscape is home to an equally diverse group of plants and animals. While some, such as the migrating sturgeon in the River Inn, are in danger of extinction, other species---like the capercaillie---thrive.

The River Inn

On the river Inn, a tributary of the Danube, disruption of the river's flow has put several species of migratory fish in danger. According to the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, the migratory sturgeon and the Danube salmon are facing extinction. The white stork is the national bird of Germany and---though endangered---can be seen on the Inn.

The Black Forest

The Black Forest is a diverse habitat of grasslands and forests. Spruce and beech trees are common and are important habitats for mosses, lichen, insects, and birds. The largest member of the grouse family, the capercaillie, makes it's home in the southern parts of the Black Forest. Butterflies, like the niobe fritillary and the lesser marbled fritillary, are common to the Black Forest, as are dragonflies---suach as the golden ringed dragonfly.

The German Alps

The Alpine region of Germany is a diverse ecosystem. Some of the more well-known species of plants living there are edelweiss, alpenrose, and gentian. Among the animals that make the Alps their home are the chamoix, the ibex, and the golden eagle.

Mammals and Brids Found Throughout Germany

The beech marten, Natterer's bat, the Eurasian red squirrel, and the European rabbit are all common mammals found in Germany and throughout Europe. Aquatic mammals like the killer whale, Atlantic dolphin, and common porpoise are found on Germany's northern coast. Germany also has a large number of native birds. Among them are the common quail, bean goose, boreal owl, pied avocet, carrion crow and the mistle thrush.

Insects and Spiders Found Throughout Germany

Zebra spiders, marshweb spiders, crab spiders, and powling spiders are common throughout Germany and northwestern Europe. The admiral and Apollo butterflies are both native to Germany.

Common Plants in Germany

The cornflower is the national flower of Germany. Chamomile and greenspire are also common to the country. Common trees include the silver birch and the Norway spruce.

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About the Author

Melissa Monks began writing professionally in 2003 and spent four years writing for the Beutler Heating and Air company newsletter. She also spent two years as a content director for, publishing projects and blogs, and has worked as a research assistant for One On One, a company publishing educational material. Monks received a Bachelor of Arts degree in English from the University of Utah.