The role of a neurologist

Updated November 21, 2016

Neurologists are doctors who specialise in treating disorders of the brain and nervous system. Neurologists often work irregular hours and may work more than 60 hours a week, but according to, their earnings are among the highest in any health care profession.

Job Duties

Neurologists work with adults and children who have brain or nervous system disorders. They perform tests, identify the cause of the disorder and prescribe a course of treatment.


Neurologists interview patients to learn about their specific symptoms and medical histories. They communicate their findings and prognoses with the families of patients, and they coordinate treatment plans with other medical specialists.

Educational Requirements

Doctors in this field must complete a four-year undergraduate degree, four years of medical school, and at least three years of specialised training in a neurology residency program. Some go on to fellowships for additional training in a subspecialty of neurology.

Job Outlook

Jobs for physicians, including neurologists, are expected to increase 20 per cent between 2008 and 2018, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.


According to PayScale, neurologists could expect to earn between £80,880 and £146,266 per year as of July 2010.

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