Fruit tree identification

Written by amy l. gouger
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Fruit tree identification
Identifying a fruit tree requires scrutiny of the tree's characteristics. (Apple on the tree image by Nikolay Lapitsky from

A single fruit tree produces a succulent, juicy fruit crop that becomes the star of hundreds of recipes. If you're unsure of exactly what fruit tree inhabits your backyard, analyse the components of the tree and add them together to determine identification.

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Discover the shape, the seeds inside, texture and colouring of the fruit. Each fruit tree contains a fruit specific to its species such as the round McIntosh apple, and thin, long, red Delicious apple.


Identify the flower structure and colour. Like the fruit of a tree, characteristics of the flower offer a hint to the identity of the fruit tree.

Bark and Leaves

Leaf shape and texture usually help differentiate species. The smoothness or roughness of a tree's bark distinguishes it from other fruit trees or even may determine the species.


Size aids in eliminating possible fruit tree types. For example, the avocado tree grows 20 to 30 feet tall while a pear tree grows between 12 and 20 feet tall.


Location restricts identity of the tree. Citrus trees such as orange grow best in the warm states, especially Florida and California. Others like the apple flourish in the northern states such as Pennsylvania.


Textbook identification may not be possible, because planted fruit trees might be hybrids or seeded from a hybrid and thus do not display characteristics solely of one fruit.

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