What Are Normal Cortisol Levels in Men?

Updated April 17, 2017

Cortisol is a hormone made by the adrenal glands. It helps the body manage stress, regulate blood pressure, and metabolise fats and sugars. High or low cortisol levels in either your blood or urine may indicate some health problems. The normal ranges are the same for both men and women.

Cortisol Blood Tests

For a cortisol blood test, you may need to provide two blood samples―one in the morning, and one in the afternoon. According to, the normal range for morning blood cortisol levels in an adult human is 5 to 23 micrograms per decilitre (mcg/dl) or 138 to 635 nanomoles per litre (nmol/L). In the afternoon, the normal range is 3 to 13mcg/dl or 83 to 359 nmol/L.

Cortisol Urine Tests

For a cortisol urine test, you must collect all of your urine during an exactly 24-hour period. According to, the normal range for cortisol levels in a 24-hour urine sample of an adult human is less than 100 micrograms (mcg) or less than 276 nanomoles (nmol).

Factors Affecting Test Results

For more accurate results, avoid strenuous activity, emotional stress, taking birth control pills or amphetamines, or eating directly before your test.

Cortisol Levels Vary from Morning to Night

Cortisol levels rise and fall throughout the day. In a normal cycle, levels are highest in the early morning and lowest right after falling asleep.

Implications of High or Low Cortisol Levels

Abnormally high cortisol levels may indicate Cushing's Syndrome, when overactive adrenal glands produce too much cortisol, resulting in weight gain, fatigue, diabetes or depression. Abnormally low cortisol levels may indicate damage to the adrenal or pituitary glands.

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About the Author

Noelle Moseley has been writing professionally since 2002. Based in San Francisco, she caught the tech-bug and has experience in the Internet industry, private equity, and greentech. She has a Bachelor of Science in neurobiology from Stanford University and also teaches yoga, with an emphasis on creativity and mind-body integration.